The Hayward fault has been responsible for large earthquakes in the past, rivaling those caused by the San Andreas, and it has been deemed as more dangerous than the San Andreas fault by seismologists in the Bay Area because it has a higher chance of rupture. We actually live less than a mile away from it! Isn't that scary? It runs right underneath the Mormon Temple up the hill from our place.
Sidewalk shifted at Rose and Prospect St in Hayward, CA.
Anyways, at Rose and Prospect St, the Hayward fault runs right under your feet. The sidewalks and asphalt on the road there has been repaired many times due to the constant shifting of the earth underneath it, but one corner has remained untouched since the late 1960s when the concrete was poured. We walked over to that corner to see what the creep did to the sidewalk over the past 40-ish years.
Sitting on the North American plate Rose and Prospect St in Hayward, CA.
As you can see, the corner that sits on the North American plate has slid past the section of the curb that sits on the Pacific plate. When the concrete was poured, the sidewalk was even with the curb! The amount of creep that you can see on the curb is much smaller than the amount of sliding that the actual plates are doing, or want to slide past each other. Therefore, stress is building up and eventually, once the strength of the rock is exceeded, the fault will slip and cause a major earthquake. If you don't believe me, check this page out. It shows pictures of the curb taken roughly every 10 years since 1971. You can see how it moved over time! Somebody painted two black arrows in the spring of 2006 which were touching, but now you can see they have been shifted by a few millimeters since then. Whats crazy is that there are really nice houses built right next to the fault! Who would want to live there!?